Prime Minister Narendra Modi and UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson jointly released the One Sun One World One Grid Declaration (OSOWOG) at the COP26 Climate Meeting in Glasgow.
The declaration stated that realising OSOWOG’s vision through interconnected green grids can be transformative, allowing all nations to meet the Paris Agreement’s targets for preventing dangerous climate change. These efforts have the potential to boost green investment while also creating millions of good jobs. The declaration went on to say that sharing the sun’s energy can help to build a more peaceful and prosperous world.
What is the goal of OSOWAG?
While the sun is the source of all energy and solar energy is completely clean and long-lasting, it is only available during the day and is weather-dependent. OSOWOG is the answer to this problem. Its goal is to assist in the development of a global grid that allows renewable energy to be transmitted anywhere, at any time (use power at night in one part of the world from solar energy generated on another side of the world where it is day time). It also attempts to reduce storage requirements and improve the economics of solar systems. Its long-term goal is to lower carbon emissions and energy prices.
Who are behind OSOWOG?
In October 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi proposed the OSOWOG proposal at the first meeting of the International Solar Alliance (ISA). As part of the UK-India Virtual Summit earlier this year, the UK’s Green Grids Initiative (GGI) and the ISA’s OSOWOG were merged into GGI-OSOWOG. The ISA is a 101-member intergovernmental organisation founded by India and France to encourage the global adoption of solar energy. The One Sun programme has received support from a total of 83 ISA member countries. The ISA and the World Bank are also assisting with the project’s implementation.
How will OSOWOG be put into action?
OSOWOG is broken down into three distinct segments.
The Indian grid would be connected to the grids of the Middle East, South Asia, and South-East Asia in the first phase to form a common grid. This system would subsequently be utilised to exchange solar energy and other renewable energy sources as needed.
The second phase would link the first phase’s functional components to Africa’s renewable resource pool. In the third phase, the goal would be to achieve genuine global interconnectedness. The goal will be to connect as many countries as possible to form a single renewable energy power grid. All countries will subsequently be able to access it.
What role will OSOWOG play in making the world more sustainable?
Using technology, economics, and expertise, all partners in the effort will focus on attracting effective investments in renewable energy sources. When all stakeholders work together, project costs are predicted to drop, resulting in increased efficiencies and asset utilisation for all parties involved.
The programme could have a spillover impact because the cost-effective energy source could be employed in other areas such as poverty reduction, drinking water, sanitation, and food security. Increased investment in research and development will result from the global collaboration.
What are the anticipated obstacles to OSOWOG implementation?
Maintaining a steady grid over a vast geographical area would be one of the major implementation issues. Accidents, weather, and cyber-attacks are all potential sources of increased and disrupted electrical supply on a large scale. Because the participating countries are both affluent and poor, the cost-sharing method will be difficult to implement.
By Guest Author: Amruth M
An alumnus of IIT Varanasi, Operations and supply chain manager at FAV Mall Hyderabad, Quantitative Aptitude and reasoning faculty and founder of Clevercue Education